Honduras Honduras History
The region, which includes El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, has brought a long, suffering part of the world into the spotlight, pushing the region's governments to rethink the relevant policies. According to the latest UN data, El Salvador has the highest poverty rates, unemployment, violence and poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Honduras is located in Central America and borders modern Guatemala and El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras as well as the Caribbean. Honduras has the largest Garifuna population, with an estimated 250,000 people living in 48 coastal island communities.
Honduras borders the North Pacific Ocean, El Salvador and Nicaragua, and the Caribbean Sea, which borders Central America, the Atlantic Ocean and North America.
Two years later, Cadiz Cortes divided Guatemala into two provinces: one was called Guatemala and included Chiapas, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, and the other Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Both provinces were founded in 1532, but they did not survive and Guatemala was divided into three provinces in 1605, followed by Costa Rica, Honduras and Nicaragua. In 1604, Nicaragua left the Federation after Guatemala led an anti-federalist uprising, while two years earlier Honduras was incorporated under the Captain General of Guatemala to gain territory in southern Central America. When the Constitution came into force in 1898, it was renamed the United States of Central America.
Honduras did not behave like Somozas, whose excesses of wealth and power were legendary in Nicaragua, whose hundreds of families controlled the coffee industry and whose ties to the military turned the country into an agricultural oligarchy. Honduras produced a completely dominant land-owning oligarchy at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century under the rule of its first president, Juan Manuel Santos.
The irony of Honduras "independence is that of all the countries in Central America, it was Honduras that pushed the most for the cohesion of the country. It did not want to go down that road, but it also mingled with Guatemala and El Salvador and other neighbors during the civil war.
Honduras broke off diplomatic relations with El Salvador on 27 June 1969, and a bitter and destructive four-day war broke out. Salvadoran air force launched an attack on Honduras on July 14 and took control of the city of Nueva Ocotepeque, marking the beginning of what would be called "football war." Although Morazan defeated the invaders, he failed in his attempt to overthrow Guatemala's new conservative regime. Honduras and Nicaragua went to war again in 1970, this time with the help of Guatemala and the new president of Guatemala, Salvador Sanchez Ceren, who was in El Salvador at the time.
Only six days later, the Central American states negotiated a cease-fire, but El Salvador attacked Honduras on July 14. The Amapala Pact, signed on 20 June 1895, marked the beginning of a process of building a union between El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua.
On 5 August 2004, the United States signed the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement with the United Nations Security Council. On 1 April 2006, Honduras became the second Central American country to implement the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union (EEU).
Honduras came under the control of the Captain General of Guatemala, and the Spaniards began to establish settlements along the coast. The Republic of Honduras accepted the Bay Islands and officially declared the islands Honduran Honduras.
Honduras became quite wealthy compared to the rest of Central America, and in 1578 the mining area was founded as the city of Tegucigalpa. The Mayan empire was full of decadence and had disappeared when the Spanish entered Mexican soil. Honduras had silver in its mines, where the Spaniards found treasures, as well as gold, silver, gold and copper.
The Maya came to Honduras via Guatemala and Mexico and settled in the fertile valleys of Sula, Copa and Comayagua. Mayan civilization prevailed, but the most powerful and advanced were the Mayas, who also populated Yucatan, Belize and northeastern Guatemala and built sacred cities and ceremonial metropolises in Copan, the western part of Honduras.
While Tegucigalpa supported the unification of Central America, Comayagua preferred to join the monarchy that emerged under Agustin de Iturbide in Mexico. According to one source, the Spaniards agreed to move the Garifunas from Roatan to Trujillo Colon, mainland Honduras, effectively consolidating their control over the region and giving them better access to the garment workers "labor force.
While the US government focused on fighting what it saw as the growing communist threat in the region, it also used Honduras to support the anti-Sandinistas in their fight against the communist movement, even building training and attack bases within the country's borders. Protests only increased, however, and in 1986, after it became known that the Reagan administration had sold weapons to Iran while supporting the "anti-Sandinistas" in Honduras, the country was forced to reconsider its relationship with the US and its support for the revolutionary movement in Central America.